Why should citizens avoid food waste?
What happens to unaesthetic products?
Can we consume products after the "best before by" date?
Tips to reduce food waste.
A report on food waste and food loss
Food Waste is a global issue. It is the food that is not eaten or consumed. As well, there is food loss, and it happens when the food is lost during the production process. The next image shows the difference between these two:
According to a report from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, food waste and loss were 30% of the world’s total food in 2011.
Food waste and food loss contribute to climate change and pollution. Food production and industrialization use many natural resources. When food is wasted and lost, processes used to produce food generate greenhouse gasses. The transportation of food products generates greenhouse gasses too. Ultimately the food that people waste at their homes contributes to the generation of greenhouse gasses. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the food that decomposes in landfills produces methane, a greenhouse gas that is 28 to 36 times stronger than CO2. This gas traps the heat in the atmosphere and produces global warming. Global warming, if it is not limited in the future, will have severe consequences that will generate more food waste and loss, and one example is that the crops will burn with higher temperatures.
One way of reducing food waste and environmental impact is composting. Fabio Alfaro, an environmental worker, explains how to do composting:
Reducing food waste and loss is positive for the environment and the people. If food waste and food loss are reduced, food prices could be affected. Generally, using the products that we consume and not wasting them result in an economic gain. Reducing waste has to be approached differently depending on the countries economic status, but what we can do from our home is important too to reduce the environmental impact.