Vaping has been growing in popularity from about seven million in 2011 to 41 million in 2018. Market research group Euromonitor estimates that the number of adults who vape will reach almost 55 million by 2021.
Last year the U.S reported the first case of vape-related illness. Since then there have been reports of about 2.600 cases in the U.S, 39 of them have died. In Canada, Montreal confirmed its first case of vape-related illness on September 27, 2019. By February 2020, there had been 17 reported cases in this country.
Health Canada is now investigating vaping associated illnesses.
“One that’s been a concern recently is the addition of other chemicals into the vape; the vitamin E acetate that is thought to have been associated with a thousand cases of lung injury in the US, was a sort of an ingredient that is added to some but not all vapes.” Said Michael Chalton, a scientist at the Centre of Addiction and Mental Health.
Provinces across Canada have started to adopt vape legislation to prevent more cases of vape-related illnesses.
Ontario started 2020 banning vaping advertisements in convenience stores and gas stations.
The government said the promotion of e-cigarettes products will only be allowed in specialty vape and cannabis stores, which are only open to people over 19.
The British Columbia government will launch a 10-point plan that will take effect this spring.
The regulations include: cutting nicotine content in vapor pods, restricting appealing flavors, support anti-vape campaigns, increase taxes, require health warnings on vapes and ban advertising in areas where youth spend time.
As for now, Alberta doesn't have any provincial regulations. The government will review the tobacco and smoking legislation. Some municipalities have applied bylaws that restrict e-cigarette use in public places.
Quebec prohibited vape advertisements, in places other than newspapers and magazines with more than 85% of adult readers. Buying e-cigarettes online has also been banned, altogether with its use on spaces where tobacco is also prohibited. The minimum age to purchase vapes is 18.
Saskatchewan's government banned the use of vapes in public spaces, the use of e-cigarettes by people under 18 and advertisement in youth-frequented-areas, such as amusement parks and arcades.
Manitoba applied tobacco advertisement restrictions to vapes. There is also a vaping ban in schools and other indoor public spaces. The limit of age in this province is also 18.
New Brunswick followed Ontario with the age restriction, 19+. The government also banned outdoors vape advertising. Vape shops won't be able to display ads visible from outside the store.
Prince Edward Island
The P.E.I government has the highest minimum age in the country, 21. Other prohibitions include: a ban on ads visible from outside vape stores, the sale of vaping products in places where tobacco is also prohibited, samplings in retail outlets and public spaces and ads that have misleading information on health effects.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador have similar regulations to Prince Edward Island. The difference is the minimum, 19, and the ban on vape sales in non-specialized stores.
Yukon doesn’t have any regulation.
Nunavut has only restricted the places where vaping is allowed. The territory’s chief medical officer of health has said there will be new rules that will be applied sometime this year. They would likely mirror tobacco regulations, which ban flavored tobacco and flashy packaging aimed at enticing young people.
In the Northwest Territories, the Smoking Control and Reduction Act was passed in August but is not yet in effect. The rule changes would regulate the sale, display and advertising of vape products and the substances used in e-cigarettes. It would prohibit the use of these products by people under the age of 19 and ban the sale of food items that are designed to resemble vape (and tobacco) products. The sale of vape products at locations such as schools, hospitals, pools, and recreational facilities would also be banned.